In Quebec, there is no minimum age to start working. On the other hand, if you want to work while you`re still in school and under 16, you know school has to come first! With the agreement of the Labour Inspectorate, a minor© aged 14 or 15 may only work during school holidays under the following conditions: In France, it is possible to work during school holidays from the age of 14. Rare and little encouraged©, the employment of minors nevertheless®has a number of restrictions. In Quebec, you have to go to school until the age of 16. Therefore, at the end of your 16th birthday school year, your employer must ensure that school precedes work when it comes to planning your work schedule. Zwischen dem 14. und 17. A signed parental agreement must be submitted©to the employer, who must obtain the approval of the labour inspector 15 days before recruitment. ©Working time may not exceed a quota of 7 hours per day for minors aged 14 to 15 (i.e.
35 hours per week) and 8 hours for minors aged 16 to 17© with©a break of 30 minutes every 4 hours and 30 minutes. This is true at all times, even on weekends and during the busiest periods at work. When planning the employee`s work schedule, the employer is therefore required to take this into account. It must take into account the employee`s place of residence and the time required for his travels. “Hundreds of thousands of children are hired as farm workers in the United States, often working 10 hours a day or more. They are often exposed to hazardous pesticides, have a high accident rate and the mortality rate is five times higher than among other working young people. Their busy schedules contribute to an alarming number of early school leavers in government statistics show that barely half of them have graduated from high school. According to the National Safety Council, agriculture is the second most dangerous occupational sector in the United States.
And yet, the regulation of child labour allows those who work in agriculture to work longer, at a younger age and in more dangerous conditions than in other areas. While children in other occupations must be at least 12 years old to be hired and not allowed to work more than 3 hours per school day, in agriculture, 12-year-olds work without a limit of hours before and after school.  » Do you have questions about child labour? Visit the website of the Commission des normes, de l`équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST). According to the International Labour Organization, about 152 million children were working in 2016. It is estimated that more than 73 million of them are engaged in work classified as dangerous. Hazardous work is work that harms a child`s physical, mental or moral well-being, such as work that requires too many hours of work or excessive rigor, or prostitution or slavery. In addition, depending on the distance between your home and your place of work, he must ensure that you can return home before 23:00 and that you do not have to leave him before 6:00 for your morning shifts. In Quebec, young people must go to school until the age of 16. That is the law. Your child can`t work their school hours: A teenager who needs to go to school must also be able to be at home between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. So he shouldn`t have to work or go to work that night.
In 1916, under pressure from the National Child Labor Committee (NCLC) and the National Consumers League, the U.S. Congress passed the Keating-Owen Act, which prohibited interstate trade in goods manufactured by employees under the age of 14, 15, or 16, depending on the type of work. Southern Democrats, despite their opposition, did not try to obstruct the vote. President Woodrow Wilson, who had shown little interest in the issue, backed the project at the last minute under pressure from party leaders who insisted on the initiative`s popularity, especially among the rising class of women voters. Thus, the president told members of Congress that it was necessary to pass this law, as well as the Workers` Compensation Act, in order to respond to the national progressive movement and win the 1916 elections against the Republican Party. Child labor thus officially became a matter of interest to the federal government, and the Keating-Owen Act became the first law to regulate child labor at the federal level. However, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the law in Hammer v. Dagenhart in 1918 because it also regulates trade that does not cross borders between states. Congress used its budget prerogatives to pass a 10% tax on companies that used child labor, but this measure was struck down by the Supreme Court in Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co.
in 1923.  Child labour did not end until the 1930s.  The Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international treaty signed by more than 190 countries, including Canada. In particular, this Convention aims to regulate the working conditions of children throughout the world. The main legal instrument governing the work of minors in the United States is the Fair Labor Standards Act. In the non-agricultural sector, children under the age of 14 cannot be hired; Young people between the ages of 14 and 16 may be recruited into certain licensed occupations with limited working hours; Finally, young people aged 16 to 17 can be recruited into non-hazardous occupations without limitation of working time. These regulations provide for several exceptions, such as the employment of parents, newspaper deliverers and child actors.  In general, the rules in the agricultural sector are less stringent.
In the face of these defeats, on June 2, 1924, Congress approved an amendment to the Constitution authorizing it to regulate “the work of persons under the age of 18” and submitted it to the states for ratification.  Only five states ratified it in the 1920s. The government of President Franklin D. However, Roosevelt supported the amendment and 14 other states signed it in 1933 (their first year in office); A total of 28 states approved it in 1937. The approval of another 10 States was still needed to ratify the proposed amendment. Child labor began in American colonial times as a productive outlet for them. At the age of 13, orphans were sent to work in commerce or as domestic workers because laws were designed to prevent idle youth from placing a burden on society.  Growing economic tensions between England and America spurred the project of creating an independent industry. Women and children worked in the factories, while husbands and fathers looked after the farms at home. This practice corresponds to the Jeffersonian ideal, in which the father is a modest landowner.
A national weekly newspaper estimates that factory work does not correspond to that of healthy men: it was better to entrust it to girls aged six to twelve years. After Hitler ordered the transfer of 300,000 German workers to the Wehrmacht on December 15, 1942, Sauckel demanded on January 1, 1943, in addition to the 240,000 French workers already in Germany, an additional quota of 250,000 men, which was to be sent until mid-March.  In order to comply with this second “Sauckel action”, the law of 16 February 1943, signed by Prime Minister Laval for Joseph Barthélemy, Minister of Justice, considers it necessary that all men over 20 years of age be subject to the service of compulsory labour.