Due process in the [Fourteenth Amendment] refers to the law of the land in each state, which derives its authority from the inherent and reserved powers of the state exercised within the limits of the fundamental principles of freedom and justice that underpin all our civil and political institutions and for which the greatest security lies in the right of the people, to enact its own laws. and change them at will. In 1215, this term was used in the Magna Carta. Perhaps the most famous clause (number 39 in the Charter of 1215, clause 29 in the Statute of 1297) of the Magna Carta states: This term was used in 1787 to write the supremacy clause of the United States. Constitution which states: “This Constitution and the laws of the United States promulgated accordingly; and all treaties concluded or concluded under the authority of the United States shall be the supreme law of the land.  The supremacy clause is the only place in the Constitution where this very term has been used. In Federalist No. 33, Alexander Hamilton writes about the supremacy clause that federal laws, by definition, must be supreme. If laws do not work from this position, then they mean nothing, declaring that “a law in the real sense of the word includes supremacy. This is a rule that those to whom it is prescribed must observe. This is the result of any political association. When individuals enter a state of society, the laws of that society must be the supreme regulator of their behavior.
When a number of political societies enter a larger political society, the laws they can enact according to the powers conferred on them by their constitution must necessarily be superior to those societies and the individuals who compose them. The nine justices of the Supreme Court are responsible for upholding the Constitution of the United States. Their decisions regarding laws should be derived from the Constitution, not from their own opinions. States have begun to ratify, with some debating more intensely than others. Delaware was the first state to ratify on December 7, 1787. After New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify on June 22, 1788, the Confederate Congress held the 9th Congress. It was set in 1789 as the date for the start of work under the Constitution. By this time, all states except North Carolina and Rhode Island had ratified – Ocean State was the last to ratify on May 29, 1790. This Constitution and the laws of the United States promulgated pursuant to this Constitution; and all treaties concluded or concluded under the authority of the United States shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges of each State shall be bound by it, notwithstanding the contrary of the constitution or laws of a State. Massachusetts Supreme Court Justice Lemuel Shaw wrote in 1857: “Lord Coke himself explains his own meaning by saying that `the law of the land,` as expressed in the Magna Carta, was due process, that is, by accusing or introducing good and legal persons.
 In 1884, however, the U.S. Supreme Court called this a misunderstanding, stating that Coca-Cola had never meant that grand jury indictment “is essential to the idea of due process in prosecuting and punishing crimes, but was only mentioned as an example and illustration of due process as it actually existed in cases, in which it was commonly used.”  The Court added: The U.S. Constitution, which ruled on both, was the perfect solution. In 1855, the U.S. Supreme Court stated, “The words `due process` were undoubtedly intended to convey the same meaning as the words `according to the law of the land` in the Magna Carta.”  James Madison introduced 12 amendments to the First Congress in 1789. Ten of them would become what we now consider the Bill of Rights. One was never passed, while another, which dealt with congressional salaries, was not ratified until 1992, when it became the 27th Amendment. Based on the Virginia Bill of Rights, the English Bill of Rights, the Writings of the Enlightenment, and the rights defined in the Magna Carta, the Bill of Rights contains rights that many today consider fundamental to America. Judges and lawyers have said for many centuries that the words “law of the land” refer to certain legal requirements.
For example, William Bereford, a judge of the Common Pleas, stated in 1308 that the then existing “law of the land” required that a tenant be subpoenaed by two summonses. In 1550, John Pollard, a Serjeant-at-Law and later Speaker of the House of Commons, stated that beating and injuring a man was generally “contrary to the law of the land” (subject to exceptions).  The United States Constitution identifies the supreme law of the land as follows: “This Constitution and the laws of the United States promulgated in its application; and all treaties concluded or concluded under the authority of the United States shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges of each State shall be bound by it, regardless of what is contrary to the Constitution or laws of a State” (article VI, paragraph 2). This passage, known as the supremacy clause, asserts that in the United States, the federal Constitution and federal laws take precedence over state constitutions and laws. More generally and informally, the “supreme law of the land” refers to the highest or most permissible form of law in a given country, usually its written constitution.